The Effect of Melting Arctic Sea Ice on Arctic Whales Amélie Paulin, Undergraduate Student, Dalhousie University Abstract In the past few decades, Arctic sea ice has been experiencing some dramatic changes due in large part to climate change. This is similar to adding more water to the jug of ice and water. The Arctic is home to animal species that are admired around the world for their strength, beauty, and ability to survive in the harsh northern environment. In passing, many scientists are saying that on the contrary, the melting of the icecaps is, in fact, accelerating. Swim Farther!Polar bears arehaving to swimfarther distances inbetween ice caps,causing them to geteasily exhaustedand drown. Sea ice melting will wipe out polar bear habitat and cause a decline in their prey (seals). Melting glaciers threaten wildlife. The cryosphere is the part of the Earth system comprised of frozen water: ice sheets and glaciers, snow, permafrost and sea ice. What’s the Effects?The melting of the Arctic ice hasunfortunately killed many of the landmammals that live there. The animals that are being affected are all of the land arctic animals. “The sea ice cap has been retreating for decades, and as it does the animals who live on its edge have had to move north,” said Andrew Shepherd, professor of Earth observation at Leeds University. Animal species’ diversity, ranges, and distribution will change. The melting ice will cause their populations decline. The polar bears help keep their ecosystem in balance. If the seals are low, Alaskan natives might have to move to another animal to hunt. Effects of the melting Arctic ice cap on the BIOSPHERE How have animals such as polar bears, whales, walruses and seals been affected? Melting sea ice is stressing out narwhals. Melting ice let seals not have a resting, molting and birthing place. But scientists should use caution when applying the fates of animals during the Ice Age to the ... Public needs to prep for vaccine side effects; While the debate on the impact of humans on climate change rages on, the polar ice caps in the Arctic, Antarctic and Greenland continue to melt. Climate change is widely believed to be the cause of shrinking polar caps, so here are a few ways you can do your part to tackle global warming.. Although melting sea ice does not cause sea level rise, it does have other implications for the global climate. As global warming causes more snow and ice to melt each summer, the ocean and land that were underneath the ice are exposed at the Earth’s surface. Evidence … The volume of water in the jug increases – and will overflow if too much is added. The arctic ice cap is the sea ice covering the arctic ocean. Melting Sea Ice Keeps Hungry Polar Bears on Land. Shares. The findings are detailed today (March 19) in the Journal of Animal Ecology. I need about 7-10 different affects, and I need to study them for a school project. Animals including caribou/reindeer, polar bears, and many species of fish and seals are also an essential part of the economy, diet, and culture for arctic peoples. But in the cold dark winter, the ice spreads out where the arctic ocean is, making it easy for animals … Polar Ice Caps - What Can You Do? Sea level rise is a natural consequence of the warming of our planet. A1. The effects of global warming in the Arctic, or climate change in the Arctic include rising air and water temperatures, loss of sea ice, and melting of the Greenland ice sheet with a related cold temperature anomaly, observed since the 1970s. The future doesn’t look good for polar bears because they live on the arctic ice caps. On summer day’s, parts of the ice cap melts into little pieces that drift away. With increased shipping comes spill risk (both fuel and cargo), “black carbon” emissions that help to speed the rate of Arctic melting, ship noise that may also affect whales, and icebreaking that can disrupt ice crossing routes for people and animals. The same is true of the ice sheet that covers the continent of Antarctica. In the hypothetical situation that the ice caps are melting at a rapid pace, what effects would this have on both humans and animals? Melting Ice Causes More Warming When solar radiation hits snow and ice approximately 90% of it is reflected back out to space. These animals rely on the polar ice caps to live. Today, the Arctic is warming twice as fast as anywhere on earth, and the sea ice there is declining by more than 10% every 10 years. In Greenland, for example, the ice sheet that covers Earth’s largest island is shrinking and melting, exposing Greenland’s rocky shores and even creating ponds and lakes on the surface of the ice sheet. All this melting ice is not just filling our oceans at an alarming rate. The ice covering is around 7,000 feet thick. Because of Global Warming, these ice caps are melting. As the ice caps and sea ice melt because of climate change, the polar bears have fewer places to roam, feed, and provide a shelter for themselves. Effects of the arctic ice cap melting. This has had, and will continue to have, profound … Related impacts include ocean circulation changes, increased input of freshwater, and ocean acidification. The melting ice causes the polar bears to have no home or hunting grounds. The melting of polar ice caps effects include rising sea levels, damage to the environment and displacement of indigenous people in the north. Animals that live on the seabed around the Antarctic Peninsula, where summertime water temperatures currently peak at about 0.5C, are sensitive to small shifts in temperature. Meltwater gushes from an ice cap on the island of ... measuring how the park's storied glaciers are melting. Effects on Biome- the endangerment isn't having a bad effect on the arctic environment because they don't have predators. By Tanya Lewis 20 March 2013. The narwhal is among the more introverted of marine mammals. Declining sea ice is making it harder for the Arctic predators to hunt seals, resulting in rapid weight loss Here are some Ice Cap melting facts that you might find interesting and alarming: Antarctica at the South Pole has about 90% of the world’s ice (70% of it is fresh water, our global supply). That’s what we’re seeing in the parts of the world that are changing most rapidly, and that fundamentally is a one-way street as the Earth gets warmer and is what precipitates all of these other changes in the system. But some scientists and government officials have begun calling for a moratorium on fishing in the region until the true state of the Arctic fishery is assessed. Learn about global warming and the consequences to our environment from increased wildlife extinction rates to acidic oceans and polluted air. It lives in polar regions where life is quiet. What remains after ice cracks and melts isn’t white. Polar ice cap melting also affects those who are very far from the polar regions. 11. Coastal regions are the most vulnerable to rising sea levels. 12. While suffering polar bears are a poignant symbol of climate change, the effects of disappearing ice extend far beyond the Arctic circle and its inhabitants.Locally, Glacial Melting Put Animals on the Run. Polar bears more vulnerable to starvation due to climate change, according to new study. Arctic sea ice is melting … Effects of Polar Ice Caps Melting . Melting land ice is different. It extends to almost 14 million square kilometers – about the size of the U.S.A and Mexico combined. Still Alarming. By Elizabeth Pennisi Dec. 7, 2017 , 2:00 PM. Because of Global Warming, these ice caps are melting. Even if the ice caps were to be melting slower than usual, this is not a sigh of relief in saying that all is well and that humans should ignore the melting polar ice caps along with all the many other effects of climate change.. Many people doubt that the ice caps are melting, but I am not here to debate that. With melting sea ice opening up previously inaccessible parts of the Arctic Ocean, the fishing industry sees a potential bonanza. By Sebastian Tulai. Marine species dependent on sea ice, eg seals and walruses will decline, some may face extinction. 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